Sailing past the Scilly Isles the Spanish Armada was scattered by wind, but regained its formation as it entered the Channel on 19th July 1588. Expecting an attack, the English first caught sight of the ships when they neared the Lizard in Cornwall. King Philip II intended this force to join the Duke of Parma’s army of some 17,000 men, so that together they would invade England, and return it to the Catholic faith.
(John Pine’s account of 1739)
(Note: Dates are given in the old Julian calendar, which is 11 days behind the Gregorian calendar, adopted in England on 25th March 1752).